/Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present
Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present 2018-02-06T01:52:32+00:00


The Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present exam covers material that is usually taught in the second semester of a two-semester course in Western civilization. Questions cover European history from the mid-seventeenth century through the post-Second World War period including political, economic, and cultural developments such as scientific thought, the Enlightenment, the French and Industrial Revolutions, and the First and Second World Wars.

The exam contains 120 questions to be answered in 90 minutes.

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Exam Breakdown

The subject matter of the Western Civilization II exam is drawn from the following topics. The percentages next to the main topics indicate the approximate percentages of exam questions on those topics.

Absolutism and Constitutionalism, 1648–1715 (7%–9%)

  • The Dutch Republic
  • The English Revolution
  • France under Louis XIV
  • Formation of Austria and Prussia
  • The “westernization” of Russia

Competition for empire and economic expansion (4%–6%)

  • Global economy of the eighteenth century
  • Europe after Utrecht, 1713–1740
  • Demographic change in the eighteenth century

The scientific view of the world (5%–7%)

  • Major figures of the scientific revolution
  • New knowledge of man and society
  • Political theory

Period of Enlightenment (7%–9%)

  • Enlightenment thought
  • Enlightened despotism
  • Partition of Poland

Revolution and Napoleonic Europe (10%–13%)

  • The Revolution in France
  • The Revolution and Europe
  • The French Empire
  • Congress of Vienna

The Industrial Revolution (7%–9%)

  • Agricultural and industrial revolution
  • Causes of revolution
  • Economic and social impact on working and middle class
  • British reform movement

Political and cultural developments, 1815–1848 (6%–8%)

  • Conservatism
  • Liberalism
  • Nationalism
  • Socialism
  • The Revolutions of 1830 and 1848

Politics and diplomacy in the Age of Nationalism, 1850–1914 (8%–10%)

  • The unification of Italy and Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Russia
  • France
  • Socialism and labor unions
  • European diplomacy, 1871–1900

Economy, culture, and imperialism, 1850–1914 (7%–9%)

  • Demography
  • World economy of the nineteenth century
  • Technological developments
  • Science, philosophy, and the arts
  • Imperialism in Africa and Asia

The First World War and the Russian Revolution (10%–12%)

  • The causes of the First World War
  • The economic and social impact of the war
  • The peace settlements
  • The Revolution of 1917 and its effects

Europe between the wars (7%–9%)

  • The Great Depression
  • International politics, 1919–1939
  • Stalin’s five-year plans and purges
  • Italy and Germany between the wars
  • Interwar cultural developments

The Second World War and contemporary Europe (8%–10%)

  • The causes and course of the Second World War
  • Postwar Europe
  • Science, philosophy, the arts, and religion
  • Social and political developments
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User Test Results for the Western Civilization II CLEP Exam

324 users have submitted their test results to us since March 2016

296 (91.3%) of those users have reported an ACE recommended passing score

The table below represents our users most recent test results for the Western Civilization II CLEP exam after using Credits4Less.

Note: The date shown below represents the date that they reported their score to us.

Feb 21, 2018Pass51
Feb 20, 2018Pass53
Feb 12, 2018Pass67
Feb 2, 2018Pass66
Jan 26, 2018Pass56

Our Study Guide

Credits4Less’ Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present study guide will leave you fully prepared to pass your Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present CLEP exam. Our study guide is broken down to match the exact make up of the actual CLEP exam with each unit containing a set of cheat sheet notes and dozens of practice questions.

1. Study guides that match the actual exam’s breakdown

2. Units that contain cheat sheet notes and practice questions

3. Hundreds of practice questions

4. Review your answers and learn from your mistakes

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